|Cholera||Cholera is a bacterial disease characterised by profuse watery diarrhoea. It is caused by the toxin-producing forms of the bacteria Vibrio cholera.
It is usually contracted by ingesting contaminated water or food, with humans as the only known natural hosts. Cholera is common in many low-income countries and is usually associated with poverty, poor sanitation and poor access to clean drinking water.
|Combined: Diptheria, Tetanus and Polio||Diphtheria is highly contagious. It’s spread by coughs and sneezes, or by contact with someone with diphtheria or items belonging to them, such as bedding or clothing.
The infection is usually caught after being in close or prolonged contact with someone who has the condition or is carrying the infection. For example, you may catch diphtheria from someone you live with.
Tetanus is a vaccine-preventable disease caused by a toxin produced by the bacteria Clostridium tetani. Tetanus spores are found in soil throughout the world. The disease is acquired when material containing these spores contaminates a wound. The toxin released from the bacteria may then attack the nerves of the brain and spinal cord.
Poliomyelitis (polio) is a potentially paralysing, vaccine preventable, viral infection. The virus is transmitted through food or water contaminated by infected human faeces or by direct contact with an infectious person.
|Hepatitis A||Hepatitis A is a highly infectious virus that can cause inflammation of the liver. The virus is usually transmitted through food or water contaminated by human faeces or by direct contact with an infectious person.|
|Hepatitis B||Hepatitis B is a viral infection of the liver spread by direct contact with the blood or body fluids of an infected person. It occurs worldwide with the highest rates reported in parts of East Asia and Sub Saharan Africa.|
|Hepatitis B Paeds||Hepatitis B vaccines are also available for children.|
|Combined: Hep A & Hep B||Hepatitis A & Hepatitis B can be offered in a combined vaccination.|
|Combined: Hep A & Hep B Paeds||Hepatitis A & Hepatitis B can be offered in a combined vaccination available for children.|
|Japanese Encephalitis||Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a viral infection of the brain transmitted to humans by mosquitoes in parts of Asia and the Pacific rim. The mosquitoes that transmit JE feed predominantly during the night, from dusk to dawn and are prolific in rural areas, where rice cultivation and pig farming are common.|
|Meningitis ACWY||Meningococcal disease is a rare, but potentially devastating infection. It is caused by the bacteria Neisseria meningitidis of which there are 6 disease-causing strains called serogroups (A, B, C, W, Y and X). Invasive disease is a rare but serious outcome usually presenting as septicaemia (blood poisoning) or meningitis (infection of the lining of the brain).|
|Rabies (injection)||Rabies is a viral disease transmitted to humans usually by a bite or scratch from an infected animal (usually a dog). The virus attacks the central nervous system causing, progressive damage to the brain and spinal cord. Once symptoms are present, rabies is almost always fatal.|
|Tick-Borne Encephalitis||Tick-Borne Encephalitis is a viral infection usually transmitted through the bite of an infected tick that exists in parts of central, eastern and northern Europe across Russia to parts of eastern Asia predominantly at altitudes lower than 1,500m.|
|Tick-Borne Encephalitis Paeds||Tick-Borne Encephalitis vaccines are also available for children.|
|Typhoid Injection||Typhoid and paratyphoid are infections acquired by the ingestion of food or water contaminated by the bacteria Salmonella Typhi or Salmonella Paratyphi. They cause very similar diseases collectively known as enteric fever and mainly affect low-income areas of the world where sanitation is poor and clean drinking water is not widely available.|
|Typhoid Oral||Typhoid vaccinations are also available in oral form.|
|Yellow Fever||Yellow Fever is a vaccine preventable viral infection transmitted predominantly by certain species of day biting mosquitoes. This virus can cause an illness that results in jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes) and bleeding, with severe damage to the major organs.|